What is Instructional Design?
Instructional design is a practice by which learner or organizational needs are identified leading to a learning solution being crafted, implemented, evaluated and refined.
Other Common Names
- Instructional Systems Design
- ADDIE Instructional Design Model
Instructional design is the intentional process of deciding how (or if) training can help solve a problem, determining the best way to create a learning experience that will address the problem, and then evaluating the effectiveness of the learning experience. These are some core properties of instructional design:
- A structured approach
- A needs analysis, program design, and assessment (at a minimum)
- An engaging learning experience intended to meet an individual or organizational need
Freeing Up More Time To Spend On Better Instructional Design
Have you ever wished you could have more time in your day to develop better, creative, more engaging and effective training programs? Brian’s podcast with Megan Torrance doesn’t magically teach you how to get you more time, but she does talk about some key ways to save time and avoid time suckers during your next training project.
Resources From The Train Like a Champion Blog
- How different is instructional design in a K-12 setting vs. a corporate training setting? – If you’re getting started in instructional design and especially if you are transitioning from being a K-12 teacher, this article will help you see a path forward.
- Have instructional design writer’s block? Here are 8 ideas to get unstuck. – Some creative ideas for instructional designers.
- What happens when instructional designers are partners, not order takers? – Instructional design is not all about ADDIE. What does it mean to challenge your customers to deliver change.
- Instructional Design Dilemma: Knowing When To Let Go – How do you know what your instruction design approach isn’t the right approach.
- When SMEs Know Best: A Case Study of Instructional Design/SME Collaboration – A case study focused on instructional designers needing to listen to SMEs.
Thoughtfully designed insights from What's Your Formula?
Elements that Bond with Instructional Design
Measuring for Effectiveness
Regardless of the instructional
design model that you choose to use, the final piece of the process will always involve evaluation, assessing, or measuring for effectiveness. The key is to include any sort of measurement into the design of the
program so that it is a natural part of the learning experience and not simply an add-on after the fact.
One of the biggest challenges of looking at a two-dimensional visual representation of a model on paper or your computer screen is that it’s easy to lose sight of the depth that goes into a process like instructional design. Steps such as design or implementation should not be thought of as one-time components. Incorporating an element such as learning boosts will mean that implementation is not a one-time event, but rather a series of pieces that make up a larger, more comprehensive learning experience.
You can learn a lot about people—the way
they respond to pressure or adversity, work within a structured environment, adhere to rules, or choose to problem solve—through game play. Incorporating a string of game-based elements into the design of a learning experience can be a particularly useful strategy, as long as it aligns with the learning objectives that have been established to address a challenge or problem.
This element is a kind of alpha and omega when it comes to instructional design. Data will be an essential piece when kicking off an instructional design project and performing the initial assessment. Collecting good data during and following the implementation of a learning experience will be crucial when evaluating the effectiveness of the program.
Learn More About Instructional Design
- What Is Instructional Design? – This page provides you some of the basic definitions of instructional design and instructional design models.
- How to Become an Instructional Designer – Devlin Peck goes into great detail what it means to be an instructional designer and what it takes to become an instructional designer.
- Instructional Design Models: Comparing ADDIE, Bloom, Gagne, & Merrill – If you’re looking to compare instructional design models, this article will help you learn more about the differences between ADDIE, Bloom’s Taxonomy and more.
Books on Instructional Design
These are some of the best books on instructional design because they focus on the practical application of instructional design.